Julia Evans

Some CSS comics

Hello! I’ve been writing some comics about CSS this past week, and I thought as an experiment I’d post them to my blog instead of only putting them on Twitter.

I’m going to ramble about CSS at the beginning a bit but you can skip to the end if you just want to read the comics :)

why write about CSS?

I’ve been writing a tiny bit more CSS recently, and I’ve decided to actually take some time to learn CSS instead of just flailing around and deciding “oh no, this is impossible”.

CSS feels a little like systems programming / Linux to me – there are a lot of counterintuitive facts that you need to learn to be effective with it, but I think once you learn those facts it gets a lot easier.

So I’m writing down some facts that I found counterintuitive when learning CSS, like the fact that position: absolute isn’t absolute!

why try to read the specs?

I’ve been having a lot of fun reading through the CSS2 spec and finding out that some things about CSS that I was intimidated by (like selector specificity) aren’t as complicated as I thought.

I think reading (parts of) the CSS specs is fun because I’m so used to learning CSS by reading a lot of websites which sometimes have conflicting information. (MDN is an incredible resource but I don’t think it’s 100% always correct either.)

So it’s fun to read a more authoritative source! Of course, it’s not always true that the CSS specs correspond to reality – browser implementations of the specs are inconsistent.

But expecially for parts of CSS that are older & better-established (like the basics of how position: absolute works) I like reading the specs.

how are the CSS specs organized?

CSS used to be defined by a single specification (CSS2), but as of CSS 3 each part of CSS has its own specification. For example, there’s a CSS 3 specification for colours.

Here are the links I’ve been using:

I’ve been kind of alternating between the CSS 2 spec and the CSS 3 specs – because the CSS 2 spec is smaller, I find it easier to digest and understand the big picture of how things are supposed to work without getting lost in a lot of details.

a few comics

Okay, here are the comics! As always when I start working on a set of comics / a potential zine, there’s no specific order or organization.

the box model

Permalink: https://wizardzines.com/comics/box-model

CSS units

Permalink: https://wizardzines.com/comics/units

Reference material: I found this section on lengths from “CSS Values and Units Module Level 3” pretty straightforward.


Permalink: https://wizardzines.com/comics/selectors

Reference material: section 6.4.1 to 6.4.3 from the CSS 2 spec.

position: absolute

Permalink: https://wizardzines.com/comics/position-absolute

inline vs block

Permalink: https://wizardzines.com/comics/inline-vs-block

One piece of errata for this one: you actually can set the width on an inline element if it’s a “replaced” element

When your coworker does great work, tell their manager An attempt to make a font look more handwritten